‹› markdown.blockparser

The block parser handles basic parsing of Markdown blocks. It doesn’t concern itself with inline elements such as **bold** or *italics*, but rather just catches blocks, lists, quotes, etc.

The BlockParser is made up of a bunch of BlockProcessors, each handling a different type of block. Extensions may add/replace/remove BlockProcessors as they need to alter how Markdown blocks are parsed.

‹› markdown.blockparser.State

Bases: list

Track the current and nested state of the parser.

This utility class is used to track the state of the BlockParser and support multiple levels if nesting. It’s just a simple API wrapped around a list. Each time a state is set, that state is appended to the end of the list. Each time a state is reset, that state is removed from the end of the list.

Therefore, each time a state is set for a nested block, that state must be reset when we back out of that level of nesting or the state could be corrupted.

While all the methods of a list object are available, only the three defined below need be used.

‹› markdown.blockparser.State.set(state: Any)

Set a new state.

‹› markdown.blockparser.State.reset() -> None

Step back one step in nested state.

‹› markdown.blockparser.State.isstate(state: Any) -> bool

Test that top (current) level is of given state.

‹› markdown.blockparser.BlockParser(md: Markdown)

Parse Markdown blocks into an ElementTree object.

A wrapper class that stitches the various BlockProcessors together, looping through them and creating an ElementTree object.


  • md (Markdown) –

    A Markdown instance.


  • BlockParser.md (Markdown) –

    A Markdown instance.

  • BlockParser.state (State) –

    Tracks the nesting level of current location in document being parsed.

  • BlockParser.blockprocessors (Registry) –

    A collection of blockprocessors.

‹› markdown.blockparser.BlockParser.parseDocument(lines: Iterable[str]) -> etree.ElementTree

Parse a Markdown document into an ElementTree.

Given a list of lines, an ElementTree object (not just a parent Element) is created and the root element is passed to the parser as the parent. The ElementTree object is returned.

This should only be called on an entire document, not pieces.



  • ElementTree

    An element tree.

‹› markdown.blockparser.BlockParser.parseChunk(parent: etree.Element, text: str) -> None

Parse a chunk of Markdown text and attach to given etree node.

While the text argument is generally assumed to contain multiple blocks which will be split on blank lines, it could contain only one block. Generally, this method would be called by extensions when block parsing is required.

The parent etree Element passed in is altered in place. Nothing is returned.


  • parent (Element) –

    The parent element.

  • text (str) –

    The text to parse.

‹› markdown.blockparser.BlockParser.parseBlocks(parent: etree.Element, blocks: list[str]) -> None

Process blocks of Markdown text and attach to given etree node.

Given a list of blocks, each blockprocessor is stepped through until there are no blocks left. While an extension could potentially call this method directly, it’s generally expected to be used internally.

This is a public method as an extension may need to add/alter additional BlockProcessors which call this method to recursively parse a nested block.


  • parent (Element) –

    The parent element.

  • blocks (list[str]) –

    The blocks of text to parse.